La Oferta

September 28, 2022

Bolivians gather in support of legal battle with Chile

Ciudadanos bolivianos realizan hoy en una vigilia en Bolivia al inicio de los alegatos orales en la Corte Internacional de Justicia en La Haya (Países Bajos), de la que espera que obligue a Chile a negociar sobre una salida soberana al mar.Las principales plazas de varias ciudades bolivianas acogen desde esta madrugada hora local vigilias en coincidencia con la exposición de alegatos que inicia Bolivia ante esta corte de Naciones Unidas. EFE

La Paz, Mar 19 (EFE).- People held vigils across Bolivia on Monday as the International Court of Justice in The Hague began to hear arguments in La Paz’s bid to compel Chile to negotiate the return of Bolivian coastline lost in a 19th-century war.

The largest event started just before 4 am on La Paz’s Plaza Murillo, in front of the presidential palace and congress.

The vigil began with a ceremonial offering to Pachamama (Mother Earth) by indigenous Aymara elders around a bonfire with senior officials and military officers in attendance.

Vice President Alvaro Garcia Linera presided over the vigil in the absence of head of state Evo Morales, who accompanied the Bolivian delegation to the Netherlands.

The traditional rite took place just before live images of the ICJ proceedings began to appear on a giant screen installed for the occasion.

Besides the gatherings inside the Andean nation, Bolivian expatriates organized rallies in various countries.

The ICJ agreed to hear the sea-access case in September 2015, rejecting Chile’s argument that the character of Bolivia’s access to the Pacific Ocean had been settled by a 1904 treaty.

Bolivia lost the entirety of its 400 kilometers (250 miles) of coastline and 120,000 square kilometers (about 46,330 square miles) of territory in total to Chile as a consequence of its 1879-1880 participation in the War of the Pacific.

But the Morales administration contends that Bolivia was not a belligerent in that conflict.

“There was no war, it was an invasion,” Morales said last week, insisting that Chile’s plan in 1879 was to annex a swath of southern Bolivia extending to the border with Paraguay.